Seiring meluasnya ajaran Islam, sejarah mencatat terbangunnya masjid-masjid terindah di berbagai belahan dunia. Dari mulai Afghanistan ke China, dari Arab Saudi sampai Jerman, India sampai Mesir, sampai Peru, Australia, dan Inggris.
MECCA, SAUDI ARABIA: A view of the minarets and domes of The Grand Mosque
JEDDAH, SAUDI ARABIA: One of the 1,300 mosques in Jeddah, the second largest city in Saudi Arabia and one of the principal gateways to the Holy City of Mecca
ABU DHABI, UNITED ARAB EMIRATES: The Sheikh Zayed Mosque backdropped by a clear blue sky in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. The Mosque, named after Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, is the biggest mosque in the United Arab Emirates.
PATTANI, THAILAND: Thai Muslim women pray during the special Eid ul-Fitr morning prayer at the Central Mosque of Pattani in the southern province of Pattani, Thailand. The beautiful mosque is the largest in Thailand. Pattani is one of the four provinces of Thailand where the majority of the population (88%) are Malay Muslim.
DEARBORN, MICHIGAN, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: An interfaith group rallies at the Islamic Center of America in Dearborn, Michigan. It is the largest mosque in North America and the oldest Shia mosque in the United States.
LONDON, UNITED KINGDOM: A mosque in Leyton, London, England.
KAZAN, RUSSIA: The Qolsharif Mosque in the Kazan Kremlin in Kazan, Russia. At the time of its original construction in the 16th century, it was believed to be the oldest mosque in Europe outside Istanbul. Named after Qolsharif, a religious scholar and Imam of the Khanate of Kazan, who died in 1552 defending the mosque against Russian forces of Ivan the Terrible. It was rebuilt and inaugurated in 2005. Kazan is in Tatarstan, a federal subject of Russia in the Volga Federal District.
AUCKLAND, NEW ZEALAND: The Ponsonby Mosque on in Ponsonby, Auckland, was built in the 1970s. Islam first came to New Zealand in the 1870s with the arrival of Muslim Chinese gold prospectors. Later waves of Muslim immigrants came from India, Eastern Europe and Fiji.
LEEDS, UNITED KINGDOM: The Leeds Grand Central Mosque looms above the city's Burley area
LONDON, ENGLAND: The London Muslim Centre is one of the largest mosques in the United Kingdom.
MECCA, SAUDI ARABIA: Pilgrims pray in the Grand Mosque, known to the faithful as Masjid al-Ḥaram, during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan in the holy city of Mecca. At the centre of the Grand Mosque is the Kaaba, a cuboid-shaped building housing in its eastern corner the sacred Black Stone, which makes it the holiest site in Islam. The Quran states that Abraham and his son Ishmael raised the foundations of this holy house.
LAHORE, PAKISTAN: Pigeons fly over the Wazir Khan Mosque in the walled city of Old Lahore in Pakistan. The great mosque was built by built by Hakim Shaikh Ilm-ud-din Ansari, court physician to the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan who later rose to the status of governor. Construction began around 1634–1635 and lasted seven years.
ARAFAT, SAUDI ARABIA: Muslim pilgrims attend noon prayers at the Nimira mosque in Arafat, outside the holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia. Muslim pilgrims journey to Arafat, a revered place in Islam, for the culmination of the Hajj rituals. Mount Arafat, about 70 metres high, is a granite hill to the east of the Holy City of Makkah. The pious believe that it was on Mount Arafat that Adam and Eve, separated for 200 years, recognized each other and were reunited.
TACNA, PERU: A mosque in Tacna, Peru. The city is home to a large number of Pakistani families.
YAZD, IRAN - APRIL 22: Night view of medieval Takyeh Amir Chakhmagh Mosque in Yazd, Iran.
MIDRAND, SOUTH AFRICA: The Nizamiye Complex and Turkish Mosque, which opened in October 2012 in Midrand, South Africa,is the largest mosque in the southern hemisphere.
ALEPPO, SYRIA: The Great Mosque of Aleppo (Jami Halab al-Kabir) or the Ummayad Mosque of Aleppo, the largest and oldest mosque in the city of Aleppo in northern Syria. The Citadel of Aleppo is a large medieval fortified palace which is considered to be one of the oldest and largest castles in the world. Usage of the Citadel hill dates back at least to the middle of the 3rd millennium BC.
The Great Mosque of Aleppo - Subsequently occupied by many civilizations including the Greeks, Byzantines, Ayyubids and Mukluks, the majority of the construction as it stands today is thought to originate from the Ayyubid period. Conservation work has taken place by the Aga Khan Trust for Culture (AKTC) in collaboration with the Syrian Directorate General of Antiquities in the early 21st century. Aleppo is the largest city in Syria and the Levant. Aleppo is also one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world; it has been inhabited since perhaps as early as the 6th millennium BC, which makes it the oldest known human settlement in the world. Aleppo was a strategic trading point midway between the Mediterranean Sea and Mesopotamia. For centuries, was the third largest city in the Ottoman Empire, after Constantinople and Cairo. Although relatively close to Damascus in distance, Aleppo is distinct in identity, architecture and culture, all shaped by a markedly different history and geography. The city's significance in history has been its location at the end of the Silk Road, which passed through central Asia
AGRA, INDIA: The Taj Mahal Mosque in red sandstone with a white marble dome pictured at dawn in Uttar Pradesh, India.
URGUP, TURKEY: Christians and Muslims lived together peaceably in the caves in Zelve until the 20th century. Here, an early mosque at the Zelve Open Air Museum in Zelve, near Urgup.
|SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA: Lebanon-born Imam Sheik|
|BRUNEI: The Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien Mosque in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei is considered one of the most beautiful mosques in Asia Pacific and unites Italian and Mughal architecture styles. Named after Omar Ali Saifuddien III, the 28th Sultan of Brunei, the mosque dominates the skyline of Bandar Seri Begawan. It was built in 1958.|
KASHI, CHINA: Muslims pray outside a mosque in Kashi of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, northwest China. Kashi is an oasis city which has been noted in ancient times along the old silk road as a political and commercial centre. It is the hub of an important commercial district, bordering Russia, Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan with Pakistan to its south. The Islamic Uygur ethnic minority group constitutes the majority of its population.
XINING, CHINA: Muslims wait to attend Friday prayers in the rain at the Dongguan Mosque in Xining, China. Dongguan Mosque is the biggest mosque in Qinghai Province. It was built in 1380, and now boasts a history of more than 600 years. The mosque is not only famous for its magnificent architecture but also as a religious education center and as the highest learning institution of Islam.
SEOUL, SOUTH KOREA: Muslims enter the Seoul Central Mosque in Seoul, South Korea. The only mosque in Seoul, it holds lectures in English, Arabic, and Korean.
|BANDA ACEH, SUMATRA, INDONESIA: The Baiturrahman Grand Mosque, Indonesia, was designed by an Italian architect and built by the Dutch colonial administration as a token of reconciliation following their destruction of an older mosque during the Aceh wars. It was completed in 1879. The mosque survived the 2004 Asian Tsunami that devastated most of the city of Banda Aceh.|
CASABLANCA, MOROCCO: The Hassan II Mosque is the seventh largest mosque in the world. Standing on a promontory of reclaimed land, looking out to the Atlantic Ocean, it can accommodate 105,000 worshippers for prayer at a time. The architecture has strong Moorish influences and is similar to that of the Alhambra and the Great Mosque of Cordoba in Spain.
NEW DELHI, INDIA: Indian Muslims pray during morning prayers at the Jama Masjid in New Delhi, India.
JERUSALEM, ISRAEL: Birds fly over al-Aqsa mosque and the golden Dome of the Rock Islamic shrine as seen from the East Jerusalem neighborhood of Silwan.